Eye movement desensitisation and reprocessing (EMDR) for anxiety and trauma

Control groupNumber of comparisonsRosenthal's r (95% CI)*
*Positive values show benefit for EMDR.
†Not statistically significant.
No treatment13 0.44 (0.31 to 0.55)
Non-specific treatment5 0.40 (0.18 to 0.58)
Exposure (not in vivo)3 0.19 (−0.12 to 0.47)†
In vivo exposure or cognitive behavioural therapy3−0.28 (−0.54 to 0.02)†
EMDR without eye movements90.10 (−0.08 to 0.27)†
Other dismantling designs40.00 (−0.26 to 0.26)†