Psychological treatment v waiting list control (WLC) and active treatment control (ATC)

Treatment v WLCTreatment v ATC
DomainMean effect size (95% CI)Mean effect size (CI)
*Not significant.
Pain experience0.40 (0.22 to 0.58)0.29 (0.11 to 0.46)
Mood or affect (depression)0.36 (0.13 to 0.59)−0.14 (−0.32 to 0.04)*
Mood or affect (other)0.52 (0.19 to 0.84)0.05 (−0.27 to 0.37)*
Cognitive coping and appraisal (negative)0.50 (0.27 to 0.73)0.17 (−0.08 to 0.42)*
Cognitive coping and appraisal (positive)0.53 (0.28 to 0.78)0.40 (0.21 to 0.62)
Behavioural expression of pain0.50 (0.22 to 0.78)0.27 (0.08 to 0.47)
Increased behaviour activity0.46 (0.25 to 0.72)
Social role functioning0.60 (0.44 to 0.76)0.17 (−0.08 to 0.34)*