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Clarifying the nuances in ADHD and health outcomes: a case of overweight and obesity
  1. Joel Nigg
  1. Oregon Health & Science University (OHSU), Doernbecher Children's Hospital, Portland, Oregon, USA; niggj@ohsu.edu

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ABSTRACT FROM: Cortese S, Moreira-Maia CR, St Fleur D, et al. Association between ADHD and obesity: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Am J Psychiatry 2016;173:34–43.

What is already known on this topic?

Children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are at elevated risk of a host of negative life outcomes, including both psychiatric and health complications.1 While the psychiatric complications are well established, the question of physical health outcomes is in need of clarification.1 As obesity becomes epidemic in our society, the question of whether ADHD, with its association of impulsivity, contributes to that risk, is salient.1 ,2 Dozens of studies have looked at this question, but with seemingly disparate results.2 Quantitative meta-analyses therefore are needed to clarify this association. The present authors have been leaders in this area so their assessment of the field is of considerable interest.

Methods of the study

This systematic review and meta-analysis was carefully conducted; the authors published their protocol in PROSPERO in advance. A systematic search of multiple databases likely identified all relevant published and unpublished articles, resulting in the inclusion of 41 observational studies with …

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