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Burden of bullying: enduring effects of early victimisation on depression in adulthood
  1. Arunima Roy1,2
  1. 1Interdisciplinary Center Psychopathology and Emotion Regulation, University Medical Centre Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands
  2. 2Division of Child Psychiatry, McGill University & Montreal Children's Hospital, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; arunima.roy@mail.mcgill.ca

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ABSTRACT FROM: Bowes L, Joinson C, Wolke D, et al. Peer victimisation during adolescence and its impact on depression in early adulthood: prospective cohort study. BMJ 2015;350:h2469.

What is already known on this topic?

Depression is one of the most common mental health problems, the risk for which is particularly high during adolescence. Adolescent depression tends to rebound, and preventing the development of depression is preferred over treatment.1 To reduce the risk for depression early-on, factors predisposing to its development must be understood. Bowes and colleagues deal with this important topic and assesses the impact of victimisation on depression.

Peer relationships play an important developmental role, and adolescents spend a majority of their time with peers.2 In adolescents thus, the effects of peer difficulties on mental-health outcomes are likely to be high. It is known that victimisation is associated with the risk for anxious-depressed symptoms, low self-esteem and loneliness.3 Most studies, however, have examined the concurrent …

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