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What is already known on this topic?
The quality of life of patients with cancer is affected not only by their physical illness but also by comorbid psychological conditions, such as depression. Mitchell and colleagues reported that major depression has a point prevalence of 10–20% in patients with cancer, irrespective of cancer stage.1 This prevalence is similar to that seen in patients with other chronic medical illnesses. Both psychological and pharmacological approaches are suggested to be effective for patients with cancer with elevated depressive symptoms.2
What this paper adds
There is very limited evidence to guide the treatment of patients with cancer with a diagnosis of major depression.
In particular, there is very little evidence demonstrating the effectiveness of psychological treatments.
Some evidence exists that antidepressants, alone or in combination with a psychological treatment, may be effective.
The identified studies were too heterogeneous with regard to both the participants and the type of treatments to allow …
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