Statistics from Altmetric.com
Are long working hours associated with incident symptoms of depression and anxiety?
2960 full-time British office staff aged 35–55 years taking part in the Whitehall II study who were free from depressive symptoms (n=2549) and anxiety symptoms (n=2618) at baseline. Baseline measurements for the current analyses were taken between 1997 and 1999, and follow-up was in 2001 and between 2002 and 2004.
Twenty civil service departments, London, England; from 1997 to 2004.
Hours worked per week (35–40 h, 41–55 h, or >55 h). Covariates were assessed at baseline and included sex, age, marital status, occupational grade, alcohol consumption, smoking and presence of chronic disease. Employment status at follow-up was also adjusted for in the analysis.
Depressive symptoms (30-item General Health Questionnaire, GHQ), and anxiety symptoms (28-item GHQ).
Up to 7 years (mean 5.3 years for depression symptoms, 5.2 years for anxiety symptoms).
At baseline, those working for more than 55 h per week tended to be men, married or cohabiting, in higher occupational grades, and were more likely to drink over the recommended …
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.