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A personality-based intervention moderately reduces risk of drinking in at-risk 13–14-year-old British school children

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Question

Question

Can personality-targeted interventions delivered by teachers delay the uptake of drinking and reduce risk of alcohol-related problems?

Patients

1159 adolescents in UK school year 9 (aged 13–14) with at-risk personality type for alcohol as determined by the Substance Use Risk Profile Scale.

Setting

Two London schools.

Intervention

Personality-specific intervention versus control conditions. The intervention consisted of two 90-min group sessions per participant carried out by trained facilitators and co-facilitators over a period of 4 months. The intervention incorporated psychoeducational, motivational enhancement therapy, cognitive–behavioural therapy components and sharing of real-life scenarios. All exercises were delivered by trained staff and were discussed in a personality-specific way, specifically relating to sensation seeking. The control group did not receive any additional input on top of statutory drug education which all participants received in class.

Outcomes

Primary outcomes were drinking and binge drinking rates. Drinking was assessed by asking students whether …

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