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Lifetime mood, anxiety, and drug use disorders are common in the United States population

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 Q What are the national lifetime prevalence and associations of specific mood, anxiety, and drug use disorders in the United States?

METHODS

Embedded ImageDesign:

Cross sectional study.

Embedded ImageSetting:

General population, US, 2001–02.

Embedded ImagePopulation:

43 093 people aged over 18 years old (National Epidemiological Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC) sample).

Embedded ImageAssessment:

Face to face interview using the Alcohol Use Disorder and Associated Disabilities Interview Schedule DSM-IV Version. The anxiety and mood disorder diagnoses assessed were social phobia, generalised anxiety disorder, specific phobia, panic disorder (with and without agoraphobia), mania, hypomania, dysthymia, and major depression. People with mood and anxiety disorders solely due to drug use, bereavement, or a medical condition were excluded from analyses. The drug classes assessed were cannabis, solvents/inhalants, sedatives, hallucinogens, tranquilizers, amphetamines, opiates (not methadone or heroin), and cocaine.

Embedded ImageOutcomes:

Lifetime DSM-IV drug abuse or dependence; lifetime DSM-IV mood and anxiety disorder diagnoses.

MAIN RESULTS

Overall, 19.5% …

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