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Q Does a negative (high risk) cognitive style predict first onset depression, recurrence of depression, and other Axis I disorders?
Prospective cohort study.
Follow up period:
Temple University and University of Wisconsin, USA; time period not stated.
347 freshmen selected for the Temple-Wisconsin Cognitive Vulnerability of Depression Project. Inclusion criteria: high risk or low risk cognitive style (highest quartile or lowest quartile on both the Cognitive Style Questionnaire and the Dysfunctional Attitudes Scale respectively). Exclusion criteria: ⩾30 years old; serious medical illness; current mood disorder or other Axis I disorder (expanded Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia-Lifetime, DSM-III-R and research diagnostic criteria (RDC)).
Cognitive style (high risk (most negative) v low risk (most positive)).
Diagnosis of major depression (DSM-IV or RDC), minor depression (RDC) or hopeless depression (study criteria); any anxiety disorder or other Axis I disorders (DSM-IV and RDC).
Participants with a high …
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