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Major depressive disorder is common in the US among Native Americans, women, the middle aged, the poor, and widowed, separated, or divorced people

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Q How prevalent is major depressive disorder among people in the United States?

METHODS

Embedded ImageDesign:

Cross sectional study.

Embedded ImageSetting:

General population, USA (including Alaska and Hawaii); 2001–02.

Embedded ImagePopulation:

43 093 people aged 18 years and over. Exclusions: currently institutionalised; non-civilian; or major depressive disorder from substance abuse or medical condition.

Embedded ImageAssessment:

Participants were interviewed face to face using the Alcohol Use Disorder and Associated Disabilities Interview Schedule-DSM-IV version (AUDADIS-IV). Current major depressive disorder (MDD) was diagnosed if participants had ⩾2 weeks’ persistent depressed mood or anhedonia plus more than four DSM-IV depressive symptoms. Lifetime MDD was diagnosed if participants had at least one major depressive episode without previous manic, hypomanic, or mixed episodes. Twelve month MDD …

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