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Anxiety disorders are a risk factor for suicidal behaviour

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 Q Are anxiety disorders associated with increased lifetime risk of suicidal ideation and attempts, and do they increase the risk of a first incidence of suicidal behaviour?

METHODS

Embedded ImageDesign:

Population-based prospective cohort study.

Embedded ImageFollow up period:

Three years.

Embedded ImageSetting:

The Netherlands; 1996–99.

Embedded ImagePeople:

7076 participants in the Netherlands Mental Health and Incidence Survey, a large general population survey of a stratified random sample of Dutch households. One person, aged 18–64 years, was interviewed per household; participants had to speak adequate Dutch. At one year, 5618 participants were re-interviewed and at three years 4848 were re-interviewed. 4796 had valid information for all three assessments.

Embedded ImageRisk factors:

The Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI) was used at baseline to assess lifetime prevalence of DSM-III-R anxiety disorders (social phobia, simple phobia, generalised anxiety disorder, panic disorder, agoraphobic, obsessive-compulsive disorder). Lifetime mood …

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