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Discontinuing risperidone results in relapse in children with autism spectrum disorders

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Q Does risperidone prevent relapse compared with placebo for children with autism spectrum disorders?

METHODS

Embedded ImageDesign:

Randomised controlled trial.

Embedded ImageAllocation:

Concealed.

Embedded ImageBlinding:

Double blind.

Embedded ImageFollow up period:

Thirty two weeks.

Embedded ImageSetting:

Groningen and Utrecht University Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Centres; time period not stated.

Embedded ImagePatients:

Thirty six children aged 5–17 years with an autism spectrum disorder (Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised plus clinical judgement) enrolled in the open label phase, 24 children who responded to risperidone were randomised. Other enrolment criteria: at least moderate disruptive behaviour (tantrums, self-injury, and/or aggression) …

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