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Q Does a cognitive-behavioural primary prevention programme reduce risk factors and symptoms of depression in adolescents, and is its effectiveness moderated by the degree of self-efficacy of participants?
Randomised controlled trial.
Open (however, participants were not aware of outcome measures).
Follow up period:
Six middle schools in Tuebingen, Germany; timeframe not stated.
347 eighth grade (age 13–14 years) students in 12 classes (seven classes were randomly assigned to treatment programme and five to control). Exclusions: students without parental consent; participants scoring in the clinical range for depression at the beginning of the study.
A cognitive-behavioural school-based primary prevention programme (Training the Ease of Handling Social Aspects in Everyday Life (LISA)) was given to whole classes, divided into male and female, as part of normal lessons over a 10 week period. The …
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