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Review: psychological treatments improve pathological gambling in the short and long term

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 Q Do psychological treatments improve pathological gambling in the short and long term?

METHODS

Embedded ImageDesign:

Systematic review with meta-analysis.

Embedded ImageData sources:

PsycINFO and Medline, 1966 to 2004; reference lists from these studies; requests for unpublished research data.

Embedded ImageStudy selection and analysis:

Studies were included if they assessed the effect of psychological interventions on pathological gambling behaviour, and provided enough data to calculate effect sizes. Exclusion criteria: case studies, non-English language publication. Effect sizes were calculated as treatment minus control means for RCTs, and post-treatment minus pretreatment means for before and after studies, divided by the pooled standard deviation, and weighted by sample size. For studies with more than one gambling behaviour outcome, the average of effect size for each measure was used. A regression model was used to assess the effect of selected factors on the effect size—for example, diagnosis …

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