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Causes and risk factors
Identifying psychiatric medications causing high numbers and rates of emergency department visits among US adults
  1. Lucien Roulet
  1. Department of Pharmacy, Hôpital du Valais, Sion, Switzerland; lucien.roulet@gmail.com

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ABSTRACT FROM: Hampton LM, Daubresse M, Chang HY, et al. Emergency department visits by adults for psychiatric medication adverse events. JAMA Psychiatry 2014;71:1006–14.

What is already known on this topic

More than 1 in 10 adults in the USA use psychiatric medications to treat mental illness. Data are lacking on the prevalence of adverse drug events (ADEs) resulting from therapeutic use of psychiatric medications when used outside of strictly controlled clinical trials. As an interface between hospitals and communities, emergency departments (EDs) represent an ideal place to identify and characterise ADEs occurring in the general population.

Methods of the study

The authors reviewed and analysed medical records from national probability samples of ED and outpatient visits by adults 19 years or older, from 2009 to 2011. Data were extracted from three US population-representative public health surveillance databases, including the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System-Cooperative Adverse Drug Event Surveillance (NEISS-CADES) project, based on data collected from a nationally representative sample of US hospital EDs. Sedatives and anxiolytics, …

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