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What is already known on this topic
Suicidal attempts and non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) are common and highly recurrent behaviours in adolescents.1 Suicide attempt refers to self-destructive behaviour with inferred or explicit intent to die. NSSI refers to intentional self-injury for a motive other than to die, such as relief of negative emotion. Self-harm refers to either of these behaviours. There are no established, replicated treatments to prevent the recurrence of adolescent self-harm behaviours.
Methods of the study
A meta-analysis was conducted on 19 randomised controlled trials (RCTs), comprising 2176 self-harming adolescent patients, designed to study the efficacy of interventions to reduce the recurrence of self-harm (either a suicide attempt or NSSI). To be included in the meta-analysis, studies need …
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