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Review: recommendations for the assessment and management of sleep disorders in ADHD

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Question

Question: What evidence-based or consensus-based recommendations can be made for the assessment and management of sleep problems in children and adolescents with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)?

Outcomes: The assessment and management of sleeping problems are as reported.

Methods

Design: Systematic review.

Data sources: PubMed, Ovid, EMBASE and Web of Knowledge were searched for peer-reviewed articles (study type not specified) published up to 31 October 2012.

Study selection and analysis: Study eligibility criteria were not specified. The authors report that they excluded studies where there was no formal ADHD diagnosis, studies in adults, non-human studies and abstracts alone. Where possible the Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network system was used to grade evidence on the management of sleeping problems. If limited empirical data were available, consensus recommendations were formed between the authors using the Delphi method. Individual statements within the review are referenced to the included publications.

Main results

Recommendations were based on 22 eligible studies on the treatment of sleep problems in children or adolescents with ADHD. The prevalence of mild to …

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