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Question: Do parent training programmes reduce symptoms and associated problems in children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)?
Outcomes: Primary outcomes: changes in the child's ADHD symptom-related behaviour at home and school; changes in the child's general behaviour.
Design: Systematic review and meta-analysis.
Data sources: CENTRAL (2010, Issue 3), MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Dissertation Abstracts International and the metaRegister of Controlled Trials were searched in September 2010. The reviewers also contacted experts in the field to ask for details of unpublished or ongoing research. No language restrictions were applied.
Study selection and analysis: Randomised controlled trials (RCTs), including quasi-randomised trials, that compared parent training with no treatment, a waiting list or treatment as usual were included. Trials with interventions administered directly to children and those that did not include any outcome data on children's own behaviour or well-being were excluded. Participants were aged 5–18 years and their main problem had to be clinically diagnosed with ADHD or hyperkinetic disorder according to DSM or ICD operationalised criteria.
Five trials (284 participants) met inclusion …
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