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The Family Bereavement Program reduces problematic grief in parentally bereaved youths

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Question

Question

Does the Family Bereavement Program (FBP) reduce levels of grief in parentally bereaved youths?

Patients

156 families including 244 children and adolescents (age 8–16 years) who had experienced the death of a parent between 4 and 30 months before the start of the study. Individuals already receiving other mental health or bereavement services were excluded.

Setting

A Southwestern metropolitan area, USA; time period not stated.

Intervention

The FBP consisted of 12 group sessions and two individual sessions and delivered over 3 months with separate groups for children, adolescents and caregivers. The sessions involved teaching skills that are thought to improve outcomes for bereaved youths, such as effective parenting skills for the caregivers and effective coping skills for the youths. The intervention was compared with a 3-month self-study control group that received three books on dealing with grief for both the youth and their care giver.

Outcomes

Level of grief, clinical levels of problematic grief and prolonged grief disorder. Presence and severity of grief were assessed using the 13-item Present Feeling subscale of the Texas Revised Inventory of Grief (TRIG) and the 9-item Intrusive Grief Thoughts Scale (IGTS). Clinical levels of problematic grief were defined as having an average item score …

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