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What is the rate of psychiatric and substance abuse disorders in HIV-positive young people and are these disorders associated with HIV status?
Young people, aged between 9 and 16 years with perinatal exposure to HIV, recruited from medical centres providing family-focused care to HIV-affected families. 340 care givers and young person pairs, 206 HIV-positive and 134 HIV-negative young people were included (51% female, 54% African Americans and mean age 12.2 years). Among the care givers 87% were female, 46% were HIV positive and 50% were the biological parents.
Four medical centres in New York, USA; dates are not reported.
Data were obtained from the baseline interview of the Child and Adolescent Self-Awareness and Health (CASAH) project, a large US longitudinal study of psychosocial determinants of behaviour in HIV-infected and HIV-exposed youths. Young people and their care givers were interviewed separately but simultaneously in two interviews over a 4-week period. The first interview included a psychiatric assessment, the Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children, and care givers and young people were asked about the presence or absence of symptoms …
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