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Increased antidepressant and antipsychotic use in the USA between 1996 and 2005

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Question

Question:

Have the prevalence and the sociodemographic and clinical patterns of antidepressant medication treatment changed between 1996 and 2005 in the USA?

Population:

Two samples considered to be representative of the US non-institutionalised civilian population were selected in 1996 (n=18 993) and 2005 (n=28 445).

Setting:

Households in the USA.

Assessment:

Respondents to the 1996 and 2005 Medical Expenditure Panel Surveys that were ≥6 years and that had reported receiving at least one antidepressant prescription during that calendar year.

Outcomes:

Change in the rate of antidepressant use, the clinical interventions received and the number of antidepressant prescriptions per person between 1996 and 2005 survey (adjusted rate ratio) in different population subgroups.

Methods

Design:

Cross-sectional study.

Main results

The use of antidepressants increased between 1996 and 2005 (adjusted rate ratio ARR 1.68, …

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