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Group psychoeducation increases time to recurrence in stabilised bipolar disorders

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Question

Question:

What are the long term effects of group psychoeducation in people with stabilised bipolar disorder?

Patients:

120 adults (aged 18–65 years) with a lifetime diagnosis of DSM-IV bipolar I and II disorders (diagnosed by a trained psychiatrist) who were euthymic at enrolment (Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS) score <6 and Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HRSD-17) score <8 for at least 6 months prior to study entry). Main exclusions: current severe axis I comorbidity, substance misuse, currently receiving psychotherapy or enrolment in any pharmacological trial.

Setting:

Hospital clinic, University of Barcelona, Spain (study date not stated).

Intervention:

Group psychoeducation or control for 21 weeks. The group psychoeducation intervention (n = 60) consisted of a weekly 90 min interactive/participative sessions, aimed at improving illness awareness, treatment adherence, early detection of prodromal symptoms and recurrence, and lifestyle regularity. Sessions were held in groups of 8–12, and conducted by two experienced psychologists. The control group (n = 60) met in similarly sized weekly group meetings with the same two psychologists but received no pyschoeducation. Both groups received standard psychiatric care including standard …

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