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Music therapy improves symptoms in adults hospitalised with schizophrenia

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Q Does music therapy improve symptoms in people hospitalised with schizophrenia?

METHOD

Embedded ImageDesign:

Randomised controlled trial.

Embedded ImageAllocation:

Concealed.

Embedded ImageBlinding:

Single blind (assessors blinded).

Embedded ImageFollow-up period:

Three months (treatment period only).

Embedded ImageSetting:

Four London hospitals, UK; time period not stated.

Embedded ImagePatients:

Eighty one adult inpatients (⩾18 years old) with a primary diagnosis of schizophrenia or schizophrenia-like psychosis. Exclusions: secondary diagnoses of dementia or organic psychosis.

Embedded ImageIntervention:

Music therapy (access to a range of musical instruments and encouragement to express themselves accompanied by a trained music therapist during weekly individual sessions of up to 45 min) plus standard care (access to occupational, social and other activities and nursing care) versus standard care alone for up to …

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