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Adolescent suicidal ideation predicts suicidal behaviour and psychopathological problems at age 30

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 Q Is suicidal ideation in adolescence associated with psychological problems and suicidal behaviour later in life?

METHODS

Embedded ImageDesign:

Prospective cohort study.

Embedded ImageFollow-up period:

Fifteen years.

Embedded ImageSetting:

Community sample, USA; 1987 to 2002.

Embedded ImagePeople:

346 people (52% female, 98% white) from a community cohort aged 5 in 1977, for whom complete data were available at ages 15 and 30.

Embedded ImageRisk factors:

Suicide ideation (positive response to any suicidal ideation item on the Youth Self-Report or Children’s Depression Inventory) at age 15.

Embedded ImageOutcomes:

Psychopathology and suicidal behaviour (DSM-IV mood, anxiety and substance disorders; suicidal ideation, and suicide attempts assessed by the National Institute of Mental Health Diagnostic Interview Schedule, version IV); problem behaviours (Young Adult Self-Report, Young Adult Behaviour Checklist problem scores); overall functioning (Global Assessment of Functioning Scale, Social and Occupational Functioning Assessment Scale from DSM-IV).

MAIN RESULTS

At age 15, 22% of participants reported suicide ideation. Adolescents with suicidal ideation were more …

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